By Michael B. Cosmopoulos
For a couple of thousand years, humans from each nook of the Greco-Roman global sought the desire for a blessed afterlife via initiation into the Mysteries of Demeter and Kore at Eleusis. In antiquity itself and in our reminiscence of antiquity, the Eleusinian Mysteries stand out because the oldest and so much venerable secret cult. regardless of the super acclaim for the Eleusinian Mysteries, their origins are unknown. simply because they're misplaced in an period with out written documents, they could in basic terms be reconstructed with the aid of archaeology. This booklet offers a miles wanted synthesis of the archaeology of Eleusis through the Bronze Age and reconstructs the formation and early improvement of the Eleusinian Mysteries. The dialogue of the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries is complemented with discussions of the theology of Demeter and an replace at the country of study within the archaeology of Eleusis from the Bronze Age to the top of antiquity.
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Extra info for Bronze Age Eleusis and the Origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries
In the southwest slope, near the area that had been previously excavated by Skias, Mylonas uncovered a series of houses dating to the Middle Helladic and the Mycenaean period.
85 The dromena. The core of the dromena appears to have been some kind of enactment. There are different theories as to what this enactment may have been. 86 This theory is based on a sermon by the fifth-century Christian bishop Asterios of Amaseia, who mentions the union between the hierophant and the priestess of Demeter in a crypt; as well as references to a sacred marriage being part of two mystery cults of late antiquity, which were thought to have been modeled after the Eleusinian Mysteries.
67 What we know for certain is that at the head of the procession were the priests and the Priestesses Panageis carrying the Hiera in the kistai, perhaps in the way represented by the Caryatids of the Lesser Propylaea. State officials, delegations from other cities, and foreign dignitaries would follow. Next in turn were the mystai with their sponsors. At the end of the procession were placed the pack animals with the supplies needed for the long trip. 68 From that point the Sacred Way followed the modern highway once more.