Download Autism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Uta Frith PDF

By Uta Frith

What motives autism? Is it a genetic ailment, or as a result of a few unknown environmental probability? Are we dealing with an autism epidemic? What are the most indicators, and the way does it relate to Asperger syndrome? each person has heard of autism, however the sickness itself is little understood. It has captured the general public mind's eye via motion pictures and novels portraying people with baffling combos of incapacity and outstanding expertise, and but the truth is that it usually locations a heavy burden on victims and their households. This Very brief advent bargains a transparent assertion on what's at the moment recognized approximately autism and Asperger syndrome. Explaining the colossal array of other stipulations that cover in the back of those labels, and looking out at indicators from the whole spectrum of autistic problems, it explores the potential explanations for the plain upward thrust in autism and in addition evaluates the hyperlinks with neuroscience, psychology, mind improvement, genetics, and environmental factors together with MMR and Thimerosal. This VSI additionally explores the psychology at the back of social impairment and savantism, and sheds gentle on what it's wish to reside contained in the brain of the sufferer.

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Extra resources for Autism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

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Fifty years ago few people were aware of autism. Only the most classic form of autism was diagnosed, and everyone believed this was a very rare disorder. Now, it turns out that there are five times as many classic cases as were estimated then. Is this cause for alarm? Not necessarily. In fact, quite the opposite, if we think of the increase as an effect of increased awareness. Even classic cases had been missed previously. After all, most professionals were ignorant of childhood autism, and institutions for individuals with mental retardation housed considerable numbers of cases, who are now recognized as autistic.

In fact, a screening instrument has already been developed. Three signs are assessed. First, does the child show ‘joint attention’, such as pointing with a finger. Second, is he or she following an adult’s gaze. Third, does he or she engage in simple pretend play? Most typically developing children aged 18 months can master these things. Most autistic children can’t. However, a 18 number of children who apparently show these key behaviours nevertheless later go on to have an autistic disorder. This is likely to be Asperger syndrome.

It has been phased out from 1999. Mercury is a heavy metal, and hazardous because the brain is susceptible to 45 A huge increase in cases Experts delved into medical records of individual cases, and found that in many there was concern about the child’s development already before the vaccination. Even though the negative results were reported in the press, remaining doubts and dissenting views continued to be presented. Indeed the general concern with vaccination has still not disappeared. Are governments and big pharmaceutical corporations out to suppress the truth and deny responsibility?

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