By Bradley S. Fleenor, Adam J. Berrones
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Tanaka H, DeSouza CA, Seals DR (1998) Absence of age-related increase in central arterial stiffness in physically active women. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 18(1):127–132 52. Zhu W, Hooker SP, Sun Y, Xie M, Su H, Cao J (2014) Associations of cardiorespiratory fitness with cardiovascular disease risk factors in middle-aged Chinese women: a cross-sectional study. BMC Womens Health 14:62. 1186/1472-6874-14-62 53. Quan HL, Blizzard CL, Sharman JE, Magnussen CG, Dwyer T, Raitakari O, Cheung M, Venn AJ (2014) Resting heart rate and the association of physical fitness with carotid artery stiffness.
07 m/s per year . In summary, arterial stiffness increases linearly until approximately 50 years of age, after which time there is an acceleration of the stiffening process. Sex Due to sex related differences in CVD incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality , it is important to discuss the influence of sex on the progression of arterial stiffness. For example, discrepancies exist between sexes regarding atherosclerosis, hypertension, angina, and stroke . Therefore, predicting CVD risk in women is challenging because many statistical models of cardiovascular complications relying on traditional risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, and total cholesterol, have not accounted for sex differences that are known to exist .
Further, the National Institute on Aging SardiNIA study, a population-based, follow-up study involving more than 4000 community-living men and women (age range = 20–100 years) showed that aPWV increased by ~60 % from age 30 to 70 years . 07 m/s per year . In summary, arterial stiffness increases linearly until approximately 50 years of age, after which time there is an acceleration of the stiffening process. Sex Due to sex related differences in CVD incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality , it is important to discuss the influence of sex on the progression of arterial stiffness.