By Florent Perek
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that offers with how members in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has bought massive cognizance within the literature. This publication investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based viewpoint, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed by way of language use, and that an important features of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic buildings are used. at the foundation of numerous case reviews combining quantitative corpus reports and psycholinguistic experiments, it truly is proven how a usage-based technique sheds new gentle on a couple of matters in argument cognizance and provides frequency-based reasons for its organizing ideas at 3 degrees of generality: verbs, structures, and argument constitution alternations.
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Extra resources for Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives
Which participant roles are contributed by the verb itself. For (11), sell can be considered as a three-participant verb construing the event of selling as a scene of transfer; in this case, the verb is inherently compatible with the ditransitive construction, and the meaning of verb and construction (as well as their arguments) overlap. Alternatively, since a two-participant construal of selling is conceivable, it could be argued that this construal is the actual meaning of the verb; in this case, the ditransitive construction would itself contribute the three-participant construal and the additional indirect object argument.
B. *They sought in the woods. (14) a. They foraged for food (in the woods). b. They foraged in the woods. Such differences are not expected if verbs are taken to equally profile all frame elements. Moreover, it appears that for many frames, uses of a verb with all frame elements expressed are actually very uncommon. â•‡ Usage-based perspectives on verb valency goods, and money), examination of corpus data from both British and American English (cf. 2) reveals that uses of the verbs buy, pay, and sell (evoking this frame) with all four frame elements (as exemplified by  below) account for less than 5% (and in most cases less than 1%) of the distribution of these verbs.
There is therefore little reason to assume that give and tell have a different meaning when used in each variant of the dative alternation, other than the need to preserve a one-to-one mapping between lexical semantics and argument realization, along the lines of a projectionist approach. â•›10–12) observes, ultimately circular. It makes the assumption that give and tell must have two distinct senses because they are used in these two argument structures, while simultaneously claiming that it is precisely because they have these two senses that they can be used in these argument structures.