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The predicative sentence, but not the identity sentence, can do without a realization of the copula, and, when the copula is realized, it is realized in Infl which does not select or govern a V. Doron (1983) relates both these facts about Hebrew to the defectiveness of the Hebrew tense system. She proposes that the tense system allows specification for [ ± tense] and [ ± past], [-tense] is the specification for non-finite forms and [ +tense] for finite forms. [ +tense] automatically requires a specification for [± past], where [ + past] indicates the past tense and [—past] indicates future tense.

Ohio State University Press, Columbus. , and M. T. Guasti. (1993). Negation in small clauses. Probus 5, 39-61. Chomsky, N. (1955/75). The logical structure of linguistic theory. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Chomsky, N. (1981). Lectures on government and binding. Foris, Dordrecht. Chomsky, N. (1989). Some notes on the economy of derivation and representation. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 10. Cambridge, Mass. Cinque, G. (1991). The pseudo-relative and ACC-ing constructions after verbs of perception.

25c), where the non-0-marked [NP, IP] is base generated as the subject of the raising verb, is taken from Heycock (1991), and analyzed as a topic in Rothstein (1995). Another hypothesis is that the obligatoriness of Pron is due to the Case Filter. On this approach, we note that in identity sentences such as (23) there are two argument NPs which need to be Case marked, and suggest that Pron is inserted to assign them Case. This makes the wrong prediction for the predicational sentences. Here too, the subject NP needs to be assigned Case, and yet Pron is optional.

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