By A.J. Larner
While such a lot textbooks of neurology strategy the topic from both a symptomatic or a diagnostic point of view, this dictionary makes a speciality of the various neurological indicators that could be elicited via history-taking and actual exam. greater than six hundred dependent and cross-referenced definitions are supplemented, the place acceptable, with the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological foundation of every signal. for this reason the semiological price of indicators is elucidated in a manner which makes an attempt to combine scientific phenomenology with underlying neurobiology, hence guiding anatomical and pathological prognosis and acceptable remedy. This publication might be of curiosity to all scholars of neurology, undergraduate and postgraduate, in addition to more matured clinicians, together with basic physicians and basic practitioners, and contributors of ancillary professions who deal with sufferers with neurological disease. Read more...
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Additional resources for A dictionary of neurological signs : clinical neurosemiology
15 - Amnesia Amnesia Classification of amnesic syndromes into subtypes has been proposed, since lesions in different areas produce different deficits reflecting functional subdivision within the system; thus left temporal lesions produce problems in the verbal domain, right sided lesions affect non-verbal/visual memory. g. g. Korsakoff’s syndrome), which causes difficulty retrieving previously acquired memories (extensive retrograde amnesia) with diminished insight and a tendency to confabulation, has been suggested, but overlap may occur.
Brain 1987; 110: 225-36 [Cross References: ALLOKINESIA; NEGLECT] Allochiria see ALLOAESTHESIA Allodynia Allodynia is the elicitation of pain by light mechanical stimuli (such as touch or light pressure) which do not normally provoke pain (cf. e. this is a positive sensory phenomenon. Examples of allodynia include the trigger points of trigeminal neuralgia, the affected skin in areas of causalgia, and some peripheral neuropathies; it may also be provoked, paradoxically, by prolonged morphine use.
Some authorities think a partial oculomotor (III) nerve palsy or a lesion of the ciliary ganglion is more likely. Argyll Robertson D. Four cases of spinal myosis: with remarks on the action of light on the pupil. Edinburgh Medical Journal 1869; 15: 487-93 Dacso CC, Bortz DL. Significance of the Argyll Robertson pupil in clinical medicine. American Journal of Medicine 1989; 86: 199-202 [Cross References: ABADIE'S SIGN; ANISOCORIA; LIGHT-NEAR PUPILLARY DISSOCIATION; MIOSIS; PSEUDO-ARGYLL ROBERTSON PUPIL] Arm Levitation Spontaneous arm levitation is one behaviour displayed by an alien limb, indicative of parietal lobe pathology.